college waitlist graphic

Are Waitlists at Top-Tier Colleges Worthwhile?

Last year, we posted a piece that advised students on things they could do to demonstrate their continued interest in a top-tier college that had offered them waitlist status instead of admission. However, the actions that we recommended would place additional demands on a student’s time during the busiest part of their admissions campaign, and the impact produced would be marginal. So the question arises… is being waitlisted worth your effort, even in the case of your dream school?

The best way to handicap your odds of ultimate acceptance from a waitlist is to review the history of that school regarding waitlisted applicants. Schools usually follow a steady pattern year after year, although flip-flops occasionally occur when an admissions office has erred significantly in the forecast of its yield rate (the percentage of admitted students who will accept the offer and matriculate in the fall). However, since students can’t predict the pending yield status of a school while they’re waitlisted, history is the only guide.

The graphic below is an overview of the odds of being admitted from a waitlist:

college waitlist graphic

This sample of waitlist statistics from 160 private and public institutions yielded the following key metrics, which are not particularly encouraging:

  • On average, 17% of students accepting a place on a waitlist were admitted.
  • 58% of schools admitted 10% or less of students on their waitlist last year.
  • 41% of the schools admitted 5% or less from their waitlist.
  • 12% of schools did not admit any students from their waitlist.

Let’s review a few Ivy League and other top-tier institution’s waitlist programs to see how waitlisted students have fared lately. Stanford, the most selective university in the U.S., admitted only seven from its waitlist in 2014 and none from a list of 927 in 2015. No waitlisted students were admitted at Bryn Mawr, Dickinson, Lehigh, and Tulane colleges. They had little success at Carnegie Mellon (four) and Duke (nine).

The University of Michigan’s waitlist invitations grew extraordinarily high last year because its application volume had recently spiked. Surging volume increased uncertainty and the University’s yield rate was expected to fluctuate. About 4,500 students accepted spots on Michigan’s waitlist — the equivalent of 75% of the school’s freshman class size. However, their forecasted yield rate proved fairly accurate and they admitted only 2% of the students on their waitlist.

Harvard uses waitlists but reveals nothing about them. Yale disclosed that it invited 1,324 applicants to its list in 2014, about the same size as its entering class, but declined to reveal how many were admitted.

Case Western Reserve University assesses admissions at higher-ranked private schools such as Northwestern, Chicago, Carnegie Mellon, and Emory. Those schools have, in the past, drawn admitted students away from Case Western. To ensure that the University achieves its freshman class goal of 1,250 students, Case Western keeps a large waitlist and uses it aggressively. The school invited more than 9,000 applicants to its wait list in 2015 and 5,119 of them accepted. The University offered admission to 518 of those students. Not all accepted, but the school met its enrollment goal through its waitlist management process.

The Table below shows the waitlist results for selected institutions, including many of the most selective colleges and universities in the U.S., for the 2015-2016 admissions year. Some top-tier schools are missing because they either don’t maintain a waitlist or they don’t report results. Some institutions report some results but not others, as indicated by “n/a”.Bottom of Form

Table: Waitlist Results for Selected Institutions for 2015-2106

InstitutionWaitlist OffersWaitlist Size Waitlist Admits  

 Class Size

Amherst1,39864333477
Barnard1,1951306635
Bates1,53567111517
Brandeis1,55359525802
Brownn/an/a1921,615
Bryn Mawr8724270385
Bucknell2,42792259938
Caltechn/an/an/a241
Carleton1,35044216491
Carnegie Mellon5,5262,83541,575
Case Western Reserve9,4465,1195181,259
Centre1834219379
Claremont McKenna91945375343
Colgate1,89691349773
College of the Holy Cross1,3074948738
Colorado College1,11923224583
Connecticut College1,30663761482
Cornell University3,5832,231813,180
Dartmouth1,8529631291,116
Dickinson8482610731
Duken/an/a91,745
Emory3,8091,910451,357
Furman2085114672
George Washington3,8271,354622,589
Georgia Tech3,3972,031383,089
Gettysburg768n/an/a699
Grinnell1,22447418442
Hamilton95836547473
Harvey Mudd53435411214
Haverford88335412346
Johns Hopkins2,7521,7471871,299
Kenyon2,87699817492
Lafayette1,5324283672
Lehigh4,2321,84701,261
Macalester3501770583
Middlebury1,30453033589
Mount Holyoke7854597532
Northwestern2,6141,452432,018
Oberlin1,12645986778
Occidental70535926517
Ohio State1,5563043047,023
Penn State1,4731,4731,4457,626
Pitzer1,02189523267
Pomona84249238400
Princeton1,206857391,319
Purdue1,7281,7136436,812
Rensselaer Polytechnic4,0872,203571,379
Rhodes1,29027745562
Rice2,2371,659127969
Sewanee1,03920221469
Skidmore1,74237813686
Smith773398132609
St. Olaf729150113763
Stanford1,25692701,720
Tulane3,41392101,719
Union1,16762664568
Univ. of Cal. at Berkeley3,7602,4451,3405,550
Univ. of California at Davis9,0332,7332,0305,369
Univ. of California at Irvine7,3614,0351315,756
Univ. of Cal. at Santa Barbara5,0062,9102784,459
University of Maryland50050003,937
Univ. of Mass. at Amherst5,4501,278264,661
University of Miami5,5631,295732,080
University of Michigan14,9604,512906,071
Univ. of North Carolina3,1441,513784,076
Univ. of Pennsylvania2,4741,438902,435
University of Richmond4,0701,547151807
University of Texas1,6341,1683627,743
University of Virginia4,5472,0814023,685
Vanderbilt Universityn/an/a1881,607
Washington and Lee1,983764193454
Wellesley1,40484330595
Wesleyan1,87788412787
Whitman87237067364
William & Mary3,5521,6761871,518
Williams1,60357353551
Worcester Polytechnic2,4721,373411,093
Yale1,324n/an/an/a

Source: The Washington Post – Responses to Common Data Set questionnaire by admissions officials

The best thing to do if you’re offered waitlist status by your first choice school is to obtain the advice of your IvySelect college admissions consultant. Together, we will consider acceptance offers that you may have received from the other 12 or 13 schools to which you have applied. Since we’ve already determined that you’d be happy at any one of the schools that you applied to, you may be advised to send a deposit to the most appealing of them by May 1st  and to plan on attending that school in the fall. Then, if you’re admitted to your dream school from its waitlist, we can consider your options again at that point. Using this approach, you’ll cover all bases and have no regrets come fall.

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